I was last in Mandera 53 years ago. Mandera town was a hamlet. All we could see then were thickets, wild animals and sparse population. For the six months that I stayed in the area we used to draw water from River Daua using donkeys, but the changes I have witnessed are tremendous,. My visit this year is a complete contrast to that of a half a century ago. The people are very friendly and what has amazed me most is the resilience of the people to develop their county despite threats posed by insecurity. Devolution has played a major role in the development of the region.