Water, Energy, Environment and Natural Resources 2021-09-12T11:06:45+03:00

Water, Energy, Environment & Natural Resources


Mandera County is water scarce and sanitation poor. According to the KIHBS 2005/2006, 34.6 percent of population had access to safe drinking water as compared to the national figure which at the time stood at 57 percent.The County is prone to disasters such as recurrent drought, floods, conflicts and famine. The existence of disaster response coordination teams, early warning systems and appropriate responses to reduce livelihood losses are vital to managing disasters and eliminating the adverse impacts associated with them.

Other measures are increased water harvesting techniques, studying past incidents and factoring in disaster cost. At the advent of devolution in 2013, Mandera County had only 261 water sources consisting of 69 operational boreholes, 12 infiltration gallery wells along River Daua, 86 public earth pans/dams, 10 private earth pans/dams, two rock catchments, 60 underground tanks and two low yielding springs.


A County with sustainable access to adequate water, a clean and healthy environment for all.


To ensure efficient and economical provision of water and sewerage services, increased environmental conservation, appropriate use of natural resources and improved access to affordable and environment friendly sources of energy to meet the various socio-economic needs of Mandera County.

Strategic objectives

The County Government in response to the above “Vision” and “Mission” proposes programmes and projects which seek to pursue the following key strategic objectives during the 2018/19 – 2022/23 period:

  • To improve availability and spatial distribution of water sources through appropriate exploitation of surface and ground water development potential in the county,
  • To improve access to adequate, safe and affordable water and sewerage services both in urban and rural areas to spur economic productivity and enhance living standards
  • To strengthen the institutional capacity of the county Government to effectively deliver water and sewerage services through the review of existing set-ups and developing the capability of institutions to enhance service delivery,
  • To reduce the vulnerability of agro-pastoralist communities to negative impacts of prolonged, often recurrent droughts and floods through the implementation of long-term drought and floods mitigation interventions that shall progressively eliminate the need for short-term interventions such as emergency water trucking and repair of damaged facilities, and
  • To mainstream Gender, Environment Conservation, Pro-poor approaches, ICT and other cross-cutting issues in the delivery of water and sewerage services

Water Sources in Figures

Bore Holes
Earth Pans
Water Tanks

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